亮点解读|R-CELLS 一生之宅

发布日期:2021-06-21 00:00:00   浏览量 :132
unknown unknown 发布日期:2021-06-21 00:00:00  
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手工实体模型

Manual model




Team Tianjin U+团队简介

Team Tianjin U+ team profile

天津大学联队(Team Tianjin U+)是由天津大学建筑学院牵头,联合APEC可持续能源中心、建工、建环、自动化、机械、智能与计算学部、国际工程师学院等多个校内机构和学科力量,与天津大学建筑设计与规划总院有限公司开展校企合作,联合天津城建大学、奥斯陆建筑与设计学校,并整合多家企业的技术力量,所组成的产学研联合团队。团队顾问及指导教师20余位,参赛博士生、研究生、本科生共计50余人。

Team Tianjin U+ is led by the School of Architecture, Tianjin University, and unites with APEC Sustainable Energy Center, Construction Engineering, Construction Environment, Automation, Machinery, Intelligence and Computing, International Engineering College, and other internal institutions and disciplines. , Carrying out school-enterprise cooperation with Tianjin University Architectural Design and Planning Institute Co., Ltd., uniting Tianjin Urban Construction University, Oslo School of Architecture and Design, and integrating the technical strength of many enterprises, forming a joint production, education and research team. There are more than 20 team consultants and instructors, and more than 50 participating doctoral students, graduate students, and undergraduates.

方案介绍

About R-CELLS

R-CELLS含义

The meaning of r-cells


本次参赛作品R-CELLS住宅作为太阳能住宅原型,R代表可持续建筑的特征,CELLS 借鉴生物细胞自组织、自适应、自循环,以及多样复制的特点,创造能够智慧响应环境变化,能源自给自足,以及可复制、可扩展的模块化建筑原型,旨在创造“正能源、全循环、零排放”的“一生健康生态住居”。

The project, named R-CELLS, is a solar house prototype with ‘positive energy, full recycling, zero emission’ as the technical goals, aiming at creating ‘a lifetime healthy and sustainable home’. It symbolizes the self-adapting, self-circulating, and self-organizing characteristics of biological cells. By adapting prefabricated and customizable modules, innovative solar building integration technology, and close-to-nature design, it targets a solar energy housing prototype that can be replicated in rural and urban circumstances in North China.

方案设计概念

Scheme design concept


在可持续性建筑设计概念和方法上,R-CELLS住宅强调“被动优先,主动优化”的设计原则,创新太阳能建筑集成技术。在被动式太阳能利用方面,借鉴中国传统建筑“反宇向阳”的特点,采用不对称 V 型屋面形式,增加南向得热和采光,最大限度地实现冬季被动式太阳能的利用。同时增加屋面光伏面积,为主动式太阳能的利用提供足够的空间。

In terms of sustainable building design concepts and methods, R-CELLS Residence emphasizes the design principle of "passive priority, active optimization" and innovative solar building integration technology. In terms of passive solar energy utilization, drawing on the characteristics of traditional Chinese architecture "anti-universal to the sun", an asymmetric V-shaped roof is adopted to increase southward heat gain and daylighting, and to maximize the use of passive solar energy in winter. At the same time, increase the roof photovoltaic area to provide enough space for the use of active solar energy.

可变模块组合

Variable module combination


在建筑的设计理念和方法上,R-CELLS住宅采用了预制+ 定制组合模块的设计。可根据使用者的需求状况进行模块功能组合,可适应全家庭生命周期需要。

In terms of architectural design concepts and methods, R-CELLS residence adopts the design of prefabricated + custom combined modules. Module functions can be combined according to the needs of users, which can adapt to the needs of the entire family's life cycle.

原型拓展

Prototype expansion

原型拓展效果图

Prototype expansion renderings


R-CELLS 住宅原型可横向和纵向拓展,可推广为适应严寒和寒冷气候区的城市低、多层和中高层住宅,以及新农村建设中的新型村镇住宅。并通过性能模拟优化和参数化设计方法,建立其物理性能、太阳能利用效率、生命周期环境影响和成本等的优化设计体系,以适应不同环境和成本条件。

The R-CELLS housing prototype can be expanded horizontally and vertically, and can be promoted to urban low-, multi-storey and mid-high-rise residential buildings that are adapted to severe cold and cold climate areas, as well as new-type rural residential buildings in the construction of new rural areas. And through performance simulation optimization and parameterized design methods, the optimization design system of its physical performance, solar energy utilization efficiency, life cycle environmental impact and cost is established to adapt to different environmental and cost conditions.

总体技术策略

Overall technical strategy


在总体技术策略上,R-CELLS 住宅强调“正能源、全循环、零排放”的技术概念。正能源即场地能源盈余;全循环即能源与水的内部循环利用,以及建筑材料的可回收;零排放即建筑运行中 CO2 净零排放以及洗浴餐厨生活废水零排放。

In terms of overall technical strategy, R-CELLS Residence emphasizes the technical concept of "positive energy, full cycle, and zero emissions". Positive energy refers to the energy surplus of the site; full cycle refers to the internal recycling of energy and water, and the recyclability of building materials; zero emission refers to the net zero emission of CO2 during the operation of the building and zero discharge of domestic wastewater from bathing, kitchen and kitchen.


剖面技术策略

Profile technology strategy


R-CELLS住宅原型以太阳能为主要电能来源,辅以蓄电池组,在满足日常生活所需电能基础上,多余电能可传输至电网,实现建筑零能耗的同时可作为电能交易“产销者”,降低用户用能成本,具有较高经济效益。

The R-CELLS residential prototype uses solar energy as the main source of electrical energy, supplemented by battery packs. On the basis of meeting the needs of daily life, the excess electrical energy can be transmitted to the grid, achieving zero energy consumption in the building and being a "producer and seller" of electrical energy transactions. Reduce the energy cost of users and have higher economic benefits.

木结构体系

Wood structure system


R-CELLS采用重木加轻木的混合结构体系,结构框架为花旗松制作的重型胶合木,结构墙体由SPF轻木规格材与SIPs结构保温板组成。结构选材以木材、金属等生产加工对环境影响小或回收效益高的材料为主,包括初建、替换和拆除阶段在内的物化碳排放较小。采用环保建材,在施工及使用期间达到人居健康目标。

R-CELLS adopts a mixed structural system of heavy wood and balsa wood. The structural frame is heavy-duty glulam made of Douglas fir. The structural wall is composed of SPF balsa wood and SIPs structural insulation board. The structural materials are mainly materials that have low environmental impact or high recycling efficiency, such as wood and metal production and processing, and the physical and chemical carbon emissions including the initial construction, replacement and dismantling stages are small. Use environmentally friendly building materials to achieve the goal of human living health during construction and use.


建筑生命周期碳排放

Building life cycle carbon emissions


依据R-CELLS能耗模拟数值,在未来50年的预计建筑使用寿命中,建筑光伏发电和构件回收利用所减少的碳排放将超过建筑物化碳排放和运行过程中的用电碳排放之和,实现建筑生命周期负碳排放,具有很高的环境效益。

According to the R-CELLS energy consumption simulation value, in the next 50 years of the estimated building life, the carbon emissions reduced by building photovoltaic power generation and component recycling will exceed the sum of building carbon emissions and electricity carbon emissions during operation. Achieve negative carbon emissions in the life cycle of buildings, which has high environmental benefits.

无障碍设计

Barrier-free design


R-CELLS致力于为所有年龄段的人和残疾人创造无障碍的环境。设计考虑了无障碍路径和轮椅运动的空间尺度,如无障碍厨房、卫生间等。室内白、木、灰的色调搭配温柔舒适。

R-CELLS is committed to creating a barrier-free environment for people of all ages and the disabled. The design considers the barrier-free path and the spatial scale of wheelchair movement, such as barrier-free kitchens and bathrooms. The indoor white, wood, and gray tones are gentle and comfortable.


疗愈景观设计

Healing landscape design


融入疗愈景观,营造出居家疗养安静的景观氛围,选择具有医用价值的植物,在营造良好视觉效果的同时,发挥植物的实用价值。室内的绿植墙具有净化空气,微气候控制,减碳和营造景观的功能。

Incorporate the healing landscape to create a quiet landscape atmosphere for home recuperation, choose plants with medical value, and play the practical value of plants while creating a good visual effect. The indoor green wall has the functions of air purification, microclimate control, carbon reduction and landscape creation.

BIM智慧建造

Wisdom construction


采用智慧建造模式,利用建筑信息模型,各专业统筹管理,实现全数字化,助力各专业统一工作平台,整体工作运行更高效、便捷、精细。

Adopt the smart construction model, use the building information model, and coordinate the management of all disciplines to achieve full digitalization, and help all disciplines to unify the work platform, so that the overall work operation is more efficient, convenient and precise.


智能化系统

Intelligent system


智能化系统五大功能

1.能源管理:用能分析、负荷预测、调度策略。

2.环境调控:监测温湿度、CO2浓度、PM2.5浓度,基于室内舒适度评价的建筑室内环境管理。

3.智能家居场景:以住户为导向的年轻人模式、老人模式、儿童模式等,和以功能为导向的起床模式、离家模式、睡眠模式等。

4.语音交互控制:智能语音对灯光、空调、智能家居等的控制。

5.智能管家:建筑运行与维护报告、用能建议、预防性维护策略。

Five functions of the intelligent system 

1.Energy management: energy consumption analysis, load forecasting, and dispatching strategies.

2.Environmental regulation: monitoring temperature and humidity, CO2 concentration, PM2.5 concentration, building indoor environment management based on indoor comfort evaluation.

3.Smart home scenarios: household-oriented young people mode, elderly mode, child mode, etc., and function-oriented wake-up mode, away from home mode, sleep mode, etc.

4.Voice interactive control: Intelligent voice controls lighting, air conditioning, smart home, etc.

5.Smart housekeeper: building operation and maintenance reports, energy usage recommendations, preventive maintenance strategies.

效果图

Effect picture

鸟瞰效果图

Bird's-eye view

人视点效果图

Human viewpoint rendering

实体模型鸟瞰

A bird's eye view of the physical model

南立面及疗愈景观

South facade and healing landscape

实体建造

Physical construction

开工仪式

Groundbreaking ceremony


2021 年 4 月 21 日上午十点 R-CELLS 建造启动仪式在天津大学建筑西楼顺利举行。我们有幸邀请到了各位专家顾问共计 30余人与Team Tianjin U+师生共同见证开工搭建这一重要节点。

The launch ceremony of R-CELLS construction was successfully held at the West Building of Tianjin University at 10 am on April 21, 2021. We are fortunate to invite a total of more than 30 experts and consultants to witness the start of construction of this important node with the teachers and students of Team Tianjin U+.


国展施工现场

Construction Site


随后历时两天两夜15个模块高效吊装运输,如期从西楼“搬家”至崭新的国家会展中心。R-CELLS将于6 月 24 日到 6 月 27 日在国家会展中心首展 GIB 展会与公众见面。最终作品将于 2021 年 9月亮相张家口张北德胜村,进行实际运行并实时测试。 

 Subsequently, 15 modules were efficiently hoisted and transported in two days and two nights, and they were "moved" from the West Building to the new National Exhibition and Convention Center as scheduled. R-CELLS will meet with the public at the first GIB exhibition at the National Convention and Exhibition Center from June 24th to June 27th. The final work will be unveiled in Desheng Village, Zhangbei, Zhangjiakou in September 2021 for actual operation and real-time testing.

小R欢迎您

Little R welcomes you

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文案 | 李亦枫 王琦

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